Religious belief, affiliation or activity
Freedom to believe.
Freedom from discrimination.
It is discrimination when a person is treated unfairly, or is denied the same opportunities as others, because of their religious beliefs, affiliation or activity.
‘Religious belief or affiliation’ includes belonging to or identifying with a particular religion, or not being religious. It also includes believing or not believing in a god.
‘Religious activity’ includes activities related to the practice of religion, such as being involved in a religious ceremony at a church, chapel, mosque, temple or synagogue. It also includes not engaging in, or refusing to engage in, any of these activities.
The law also protects a person from discrimination on the basis of their association with someone who holds a particular religious belief, has a particular religious affiliation or is involved in religious activities. This includes association with someone who is an atheist.
In what situations is religious belief, affiliation or activity discrimination against the law?
To be against the law, the discrimination must be related to one of these places or activities:
- Work – whether the work is paid or voluntary
- Training or studying – for example at school, TAFE or university, or workplace training
- Providing or accessing facilities or services
- Buying or selling goods
- Club membership or club-related activities
- Hotels and pubs
- Housing and accommodation – including short-term accommodation such as a hotel or hostel
- Office and other business premises
- The design or implementation of state laws or programs
- Making or implementing industrial awards, enterprise agreements or industrial agreements
Other unlawful behaviour
It is also against the law to incite hatred, serious contempt or severe ridicule of a person or group of people on the basis of their religious belief, affiliation or activity (see separate brochure: Inciting others).
Exceptions to the law
In certain circumstances discrimination on the basis of religious belief, affiliation or activity is allowed.
A school run in accordance with the tenets, beliefs, teachings, principles or practices of a particular religion has a defence available if it decides to exclude a student from admission to the school on the basis of the student’s religious belief, affiliation or activity. (To understand how exceptions work under the law, see separate brochure: Discrimination – exceptions to the rules).
If you believe there is a valid reason for doing something that might be discriminatory on the basis of religious belief, affiliation or activity, you may apply to the Anti-Discrimination Commissioner for an exemption for that activity (see separate brochure: Discrimination law – should you be exempt?).
Do you feel you have been discriminated against on the basis of your religious belief, affiliation or activity?
If you want to find out more or make a complaint, contact our office. This service is free. We cannot give legal advice, but we can explain how the law works and what it covers. We can also help with writing down a complaint.
The law in action
Nadia is Muslim and wears a headscarf known as the ‘hijab’. Nadia goes to a local café to meet a friend. She feels uncomfortable and humiliated when the waiter asks lots of overly personal questions and makes negative comments about her hijab. Nadia makes a complaint of discrimination on the basis of religious belief, affiliation and activity.
Equal Opportunity Tasmania
(the office of the Anti-Discrimination Commissioner)
Phone: 1300 305 062 (in Tasmania) or (03) 6165 7515
Web SMS: 0409 401 083
Translating and Interpreting Service: 131 450
National Relay Service
TTY Users: Phone 133 677 then ask for 1300 305 062
Speak and Listen: 1300 555 727 then ask for 1300 305 062
Office: Level 1, 54 Victoria St, Hobart TAS 7000
Post: GPO Box 197, Hobart TAS 7001